Dry Rock Gardens
The Dry Rock Garden, also known as a Zen Garden or Japanese Rock Garden, is a stylized arrangement of rocks on a bed of sand or gravel, surrounded by trees, bushes and water features. The sand is raked into patterns, made to represent ripples in water. The stones along the outside border represent the shoreline, while the large, central rocks mimic islands in the water.
This type of Japanese gardens were popular in the 17th to 19th centuries and were mainly used by lords and other nobility. During this period, the country was under strict control and travel was limited. Therefore, Strolling Gardens were designed to allow nobles to take private walks.
A Tea Garden is usually a small, enclosed garden contained within a larger one. It was used as a passage to the teahouse where the tea ceremony would be performed. The idea was to create a smooth transition from the outside world to the inner world of the teahouse, so that attendees would be in a peaceful mindset before beginning the ceremony. Tea Gardens contain elements such as lanterns, crouching water basins and stepping stones.